Catagory:Government Regulation, Legislation & Enforcement

1
Decree No. 2024-388 and Its Implications for Intermediation Platforms
2
Anticipated Tightened Data Privacy Regulations: Raid on Worldcoin
3
ICO Introduces Consultation Series on Data Protection and Generative AI
4
“Grandma, I have [not] been kidnapped”: The FCC Bans AI-Generated Robocalls
5
UK’s top Websites Receive Cookie Warnings from the Information Commissioner
6
UK Government Approves Adequacy of UK-US Data Bridge
7
Japanese Government Identified Issues Related to AI and Copyrights
8
Beijing CAC Approved the First China SCC Filing
9
Japanese Privacy Regulator Cautioned Businesses regarding Issues Relating to Generative AI Services
10
Australian Government contemplates Asimov’s Omnibus

Decree No. 2024-388 and Its Implications for Intermediation Platforms

By Claude-Étienne Armingaud and Kenza Berrada

Digital intermediation service platforms within the sectors of chauffeur-driven transportation and goods delivery have new responsibilities since the enactment of Decree no. 2024-388 on 25 April 2024. Operating under the framework established by Article L. 7345-1 of the French Labor Code, this Decree has initiated a systematic collection and transmission protocol for data concerning platform workers’ activities to the French Employment Platforms Social Relations Authority (ARPE).

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Anticipated Tightened Data Privacy Regulations: Raid on Worldcoin

By Paul Haswell and Sarah Kwong

In late January 2024, Hong Kong’s privacy watchdog, the Personal Data Privacy Commission (“PCPD”) raided six premises of Worldcoin, a cryptocurrency initiative co-founded by Sam Altman, that requires an iris scan from clients for identification purposes and also for earning tokens. The PCPD conducted an investigation into Worldcoin’s operations, suspecting that its sensitive personal data (i.e. iris information) collection practices might infringe the Personal Data Privacy Ordinance (Cap. 486).

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ICO Introduces Consultation Series on Data Protection and Generative AI

By Claude-Étienne Armingaud & Sophie Verstraeten

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) recently launched a consultation series on how data protection laws should apply to the development and use of generative AI models (“Gen AI”). In the coming months, the ICO will publish further views on how to interpret specific requirements of UK GDPR and Part 2 of the DPA 2018 in relation to Gen AI. This first part of the consultation focusses on whether it is lawful to train Gen AI on personal data scraped from the web. The consultation seeks feedback from stakeholders with an interest in Gen AI.

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“Grandma, I have [not] been kidnapped”: The FCC Bans AI-Generated Robocalls

By Andrew Glass, Gregory Blase, and Joshua Durham

Effective immediately, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) banned AI-generated phone calls with its recent Declaratory Ruling (the Ruling). Known as audio or voice “deepfakes,” AI can be trained to mimic any person’s voice, resulting in novel scams such as grandparents receiving a call from their “grandchild” and believing they have been kidnapped or need money for bail. FCC Commissioner Starks deemed such deepfakes a threat to election integrity, recalling that just recently, “potential primary voters in New Hampshire received a call, purportedly from President Biden, telling them to stay home and ‘save your vote’ by skipping the state’s primary.”

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UK’s top Websites Receive Cookie Warnings from the Information Commissioner

By Claude-Étienne Armingaud and Sophie Verstraeten

The UK’s Information Commissioner (the “ICO”) has recently sent warnings to the UK’s most visited websites to inform them that they may face enforcement action if they do not make changes to their cookie banner to ensure compliance with UK data protection law. For example, some websites warned by the ICO do not provide their user with a fair choice on tracking for personalised advertising. This position aligns with the EU’s stance, noting France (see prior Alert here).

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UK Government Approves Adequacy of UK-US Data Bridge

By Claude-Étienne Armingaud and Nóirín McFadden

The UK Government has laid adequacy regulations before Parliament that, once in force from 12 October 2023, will permit use of the UK – US “Data Bridge” as a safeguard for personal data transfers from the UK to the US under Article 44 UK GDPR.

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Japanese Government Identified Issues Related to AI and Copyrights

By Aiko Yamada and Yuki Sako

Aiming to address creators’ concerns and to minimize risks of copyright infringement by artificial intelligence (AI) developers and users, the Agency for Cultural Affairs, Government of Japan convened panels at the Legal System Subcommittee of the Copyright Committee on 26 July 2023 and 5 September 2023 to identify issues to resolve in relation with generative AI and copyrights as roughly noted below:

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Beijing CAC Approved the First China SCC Filing

By Amigo L. Xie, Lingjun Zhang, and Dan Wu

About four months after the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) released the Measures for the Standard Contract for the Export of Personal Data from China (China SCC Measures), and 15 working days after the China SCC Measures became effective, Beijing CAC published a notice announcing that a Beijing-based company passed the first-ever China SCC filing on 25 June 2023 (Notice).

Based on the Notice, the first China SCC filing relates to a cross-border personal data transfer from a Beijing-based data exporter, an online data service provider, to a Hong Kong-based data recipient. The type of data exported by the Beijing-based data exporter is personal data related to credit references as disclosed by the Notice.

The completion of the first-ever China SCC filing conveyed some positive messages to the market:

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Japanese Privacy Regulator Cautioned Businesses regarding Issues Relating to Generative AI Services

By Yuki Sako and Aiko Yamada

Following the call for international standards on Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the recent G7 summit, on 2 June 2023, in a rare move, Japan’s Personal Information Protection Commission (PPC) issued two warnings in a publicly released letter (the “Letter”):

  • Firstly to the three categories of users of generative AI services, i.e.,
    • business operators who collect personal information and thus are subject to the Act on the Protection of Personal Information of Japan (APPI);
    • government agencies, which may adopt generative AI services into their operations; and
    • the general public; and
  • Secondly to the “ChatGPT” developers/publishers. 
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Australian Government contemplates Asimov’s Omnibus

By Cameron Abbott, Daniel Knight, Rob Pulham, Stephanie Mayhew, and Dadar Ahmadi-Pirshahid

Amid the rapid acceleration of tools like ChatGPT and global calls for tailored regulation of artificial intelligence tools, the Australia Federal Government has released a discussion paper on the safe and responsible use of AI. The Government is consulting on what safeguards are needed to ensure Australia has an appropriate regulatory and governance framework to manage the potential risks, while continuing to encourage uptake of innovative technologies.

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