On 28 September 2023, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) released draft Provisions on Regulating and Facilitating Cross-Border Data Flow (in Chinese) for a public comment period ending on 15 October 2023.1Read More
About four months after the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) released the Measures for the Standard Contract for the Export of Personal Data from China (China SCC Measures), and 15 working days after the China SCC Measures became effective, Beijing CAC published a notice announcing that a Beijing-based company passed the first-ever China SCC filing on 25 June 2023 (Notice).
Based on the Notice, the first China SCC filing relates to a cross-border personal data transfer from a Beijing-based data exporter, an online data service provider, to a Hong Kong-based data recipient. The type of data exported by the Beijing-based data exporter is personal data related to credit references as disclosed by the Notice.
The completion of the first-ever China SCC filing conveyed some positive messages to the market:Read More
Following the call for international standards on Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the recent G7 summit, on 2 June 2023, in a rare move, Japan’s Personal Information Protection Commission (PPC) issued two warnings in a publicly released letter (the “Letter”):
- Firstly to the three categories of users of generative AI services, i.e.,
- business operators who collect personal information and thus are subject to the Act on the Protection of Personal Information of Japan (APPI);
- government agencies, which may adopt generative AI services into their operations; and
- the general public; and
- Secondly to the “ChatGPT” developers/publishers.
Amid the rapid acceleration of tools like ChatGPT and global calls for tailored regulation of artificial intelligence tools, the Australia Federal Government has released a discussion paper on the safe and responsible use of AI. The Government is consulting on what safeguards are needed to ensure Australia has an appropriate regulatory and governance framework to manage the potential risks, while continuing to encourage uptake of innovative technologies.Read More
Not content with merely implementing broad-scale privacy reform, the Government has announced a new position, the Coordinator for Cyber Security to be added to the Department of Home Affairs as a step towards their aim of “making Australia the most cyber secure nation by 2030“. This would seem to be a rather aspirational target!
The Coordinator will be supported by a National Office for Cyber Security, and their role will be to oversee steps to prevent future cyber security incidents and to help manage cyber incidents as they occur.Read More
As of yesterday, the Privacy Legislation Amendment (Enforcement and Other Measures) Act 2022 (Privacy Enforcement Act) is now in effect after receiving Royal Assent on 12 December 2022.
As we have previously shared, the Privacy Enforcement Act increases the maximum penalties for serious or repeated privacy breaches. For body corporates/organisations this increases the penalty from the current $2.22 million to whichever is the greater of:Read More
We’ve just returned from the annual iapp Australia/New Zealand privacy conference held in Sydney this week, and it was a whirlwind. Even if you’re not one of around half of Australians affected by two of the biggest data breaches in our recent history, you’ll be aware a lot is changing – and a lot more is poised to change – in this space.
We’ll be blogging over the coming weeks about some of the key themes and changes your organisation will need to prepare for, including:
– new regulatory enforcement tools
– higher expectations of the way personal information is collected and secured, and when it needs to be destroyed
– potential removal of key exemptions such as the employee records exemption that your business may currently rely on,
– and of course the major penalty increases that seek to deter privacy breaches being viewed as ‘the cost of doing business’,
as Australia tightens the protections around the collection and use of Australians’ personal information.
The European Union has taken another step to set out its new legal framework for online intermediaries. Following the publication of the Digital Markets Act (Regulation (EU) 2022/1925) in the EU Official Journal on 12 October 2022, the Digital Services Act has now also been published in the EU Official Journal as Regulation (EU) 2022/2065.
While the Digital Markets Act focuses on the behavior of large “gatekeepers” towards other businesses, the Digital Services Act aims to fully harmonize the rules on the safety of online services and the dissemination of illegal content online. In particular, its Articles 4 to 10 replace the current provisions on the liability privilege enjoyed by online intermediaries in the eCommerce Directive 2000/31/EC. The privilege as such broadly remains intact, but is punctured in a number of ways. For example, the Digital Services Act encourages preemptive screening and provides that “trusted flaggers” must receive priority in the future. Providers of online platforms that allow consumers to enter into distance contracts with traders must obtain certain minimum information from the traders they admit to their platform. They may have to notify consumers if they become aware that products sold on their platform do not comply with legal requirements.
Again, “very large” online platforms and search engines receive the legislator’s (and the EU Commission’s) special attention. They must comply with additional transparency requirements and analyze and mitigate systemic risks.
But other intermediaries must also timely amend their terms of service, improve their complaint handling, and increase their transparency to avoid fines that can reach 6% of their global turnover. Specifically, online platforms must in the future provide clear information on “each specific advertisement presented to each individual recipient”, including “meaningful information directly and easily accessible from the advertisement about the main parameters used to determine the recipient to whom the advertisement is presented and, where applicable, about how to change those parameters”.
Most obligations bearing on companies subject to the Digital Services Act will start to apply on 17 February 2024. However, all but small online platforms and search engines will be required to publish information on the usage of their services (Statement) on their website, with an initial Statement to be published by 17 February 2023 at the latest. Intermediaries designated as “very large online platforms” or “very large online search engines” by the EU Commission will need to comply with most of their new obligations from four months after being notified of their “very large” status.
Argentina’s Data Protection Authority, the Agency for Access to Public Information (the Agency), has published a draft bill that proposes to bring Argentina’s 22 year old data protection law more in line with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation.
Amongst other things, the bill modernises Argentina’s data protection law to deal with more recent issues including cloud computing, biometric and genetic data. It provides greater scope for international transfers of information by allowing transfers under the sanction of adequate data protection guarantees in the absence of a decision by the Agency that the importing country has adequate data protection. It additionally requires Data Controllers to document and notify the Agency of data breaches within 48 hours of becoming aware of a breach.
The draft bill is open for public comment until 30 September 2022. Any entity wishing to submit commentary is encouraged to reach out to K&L Gates to help facilitate the submission process.
The Cyber Security Advisory Committee (an industry based advisory panel established by the Minister for Home Affairs to provide independent strategic advice on Australia’s cyber security challenges) has recommended in its annual report that the federal government develop a clearer policy position on the payment of ransoms by organisations that have suffered ransomware attacks.Read More